IBM has demonstrated a new quantum computing chip and machine that it hopes will serve as the basis for larger systems in ten years.
Many researchers around the world are trying to improve quantum computing, which allows them to achieve computing speeds far exceeding those of classical silicon-based computers. The goal is to create quantum computers that would be reliable enough in the real world to consistently outperform conventional computers. Microsoft, Google, China’s Baidu, as well as startups and governments of individual countries are striving to create quantum systems.
As quantum computing researchers have made machines large enough to outperform classical computers, they have encountered data errors. IBM has demonstrated a new way of connecting chips inside machines and then connecting machines together, which, combined with new error-correcting code, will help create efficient quantum machines by 2033.
The first machine to use these solutions is called Quantum System Two, which contains 3 Heron chips. IBM says that progress will be fairly steady until 2029, when the full effect of error correction technologies will come into play. After that, the capabilities of the machines should increase dramatically. This will be similar to what happened with artificial intelligence systems, which have been slowly developing over the past 15 years and have become much more sophisticated and efficient over the past year.